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Adaptive Practices: Community Health

Health Inequalities and Social Determinants of Aboriginal Peoples’ Health

Abstract

This National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health report uses available data to describe health inequalities experienced by diverse Aboriginal peoples in Canada. The data are organized around social determinants of health across the life course and provide evidence that not only demonstrates important health disparities within Aboriginal groups and compared to non-Aboriginal people, but also links social determinants, at proximal, intermediate and distal levels, to health inequalities. Read more.

Ecohealth and Aboriginal Health: A Review of Common Ground

Abstract

This report identifies potential common ground between ecohealth and holistic approaches to Aboriginal health and introduces a new generation of research and practice which seeks to address longstanding divides between social and environmental views on health. Examples are provided of how such approaches are being applied to improve health and wellbeing in Aboriginal communities in Canada and Indigenous communities internationally. Read more.

Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics — Arctic Canada Special Issue

Abstract

The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics has published a supplementary issue specifically addressing the assessment of dietary intake and physical activity in aboriginal populations in Arctic Canada. The aim is to develop, implement and evaluate a nutrition and lifestyle intervention program that will reduce risk of chronic disease and improve dietary adequacy. Read more.

The Changing Landscape of Arctic Traditional Food

Abstract

The article discusses the traditional diet of northern Canada’s Inuit population and how it provides unique health benefits to a people who have largely eaten the same foods for centuries. Despite these benefits, this traditional diet is being challenged on multiple fronts: through the introduction of processed foods, through contamination of traditional foodstocks and through ecological changes that stem from a warming climate. This article explores the health effects arising from the changing landscape of the Arctic traditional diet. Read more.

Review of Tobacco Reduction Literature, Resources and Promising Practices for the Inuit Tobacco-free Network

Abstract

In the spring and summer of 2010, the National Aboriginal Health Organization’s Inuit Tuttarvingat centre coordinated a tobacco reduction, distance education training program for health and community workers in Inuit communities under its Inuit Tobacco-free Network project. A literature review and document search was conducted to ensure that the planning process for the program was fully informed by practices of possible relevance to Inuit — practices that were found to be promising with various populations in Canada and/or internationally. Read more.

State of the Knowledge: Inuit Public Health, 2011

Abstract

The purpose of this report is to synthesize current knowledge to 2011 relating to Inuit public health issues and to identify potential trends and gaps in that knowledge. The report discusses a range of public health issues identified in each of the four northern Inuit regions (Inuvialuit, Nunavut, Nunavik and Nunatsiavut) and in southern Canadian cities. It summarizes current understandings of each public health issue, identifies emerging health trends and describes needs and gaps in knowledge that might be the focus for future initiatives. Read More.

The Responses of Aboriginal Canadians to Adjuvanted Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Influenza Vaccine

Abstract

Because many aboriginal Canadians had severe cases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza, they were given priority access to vaccine. However, it was not known if the single recommended dose would adequately protect people at high risk, prompting this study to assess responses to the vaccine among aboriginal Canadians. Read more.

First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study

Abstract

The First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study aims to gather information from 100 randomly selected First Nations communities across Canada on current traditional and store-bought food use, food security and the nutrient values of many traditional foods. It will also examine the heavy metal content of drinking water and pharmaceutical metabolites in surface water. British Columbia results are now available. Read more.