Canadian Nurses Association
Part II. Ethical Endeavours Related to Broad
Ethical nursing practice addresses broad aspects of social justice that
are associated with health and well-being.
These aspects are focused on
improving systems and societal structures to create greater equity for all. Individually
and collectively, nurses keep abreast of current issues and concerns and are strong
advocates for fair policies and practices. They can do so by:
1. Advocating for publicly administered health systems that ensure accessibility,
universality, portability and comprehensiveness in necessary health-care services.
2. Utilizing the principles of primary health care for the benefit of the public and
persons receiving care.
3. Recognizing and working to address organizational, social, economic and political
factors that influence health and well-being within the context of nurses’ roles in
the delivery of care.
4. Advocating for a full continuumof accessible health-care services at the right time,
in the right place, by the right provider. This continuum includes health promotion,
disease prevention and diagnostic, restorative, rehabilitative and palliative care
services in hospitals, nursing homes, home care and the community.
5. Recognizing the significance of social determinants of health and advocating
for policies and programs that address them (e.g., safe housing, supervised
6. Maintaining an awareness of major health concerns, such as poverty, inadequate
shelter, food insecurity and violence, while working for social justice (individually
and with others) and advocating for laws, policies and procedures that bring
7. Working with people and advocating for expanding the range of available
8. Collaborating with other health-care team members and professional
organizations to advocate for changes to unethical health and social policies,
legislation and regulations.