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Toolkit

Health in All Policies

Health in All Policies is an approach to public policy development that encourages governments to systematically consider how policy decisions may affect the health of a population. While emphasizing the impact policies have on our health systems and on the determinants of health, the Health in All Policies approach recognizes how various government sectors intersect. Such recognition is important for helping to minimize the potential negative health impacts of isolated policy decisions on a population. But it is also important for minimizing the effects such decisions can have on other sectors and levels of government. Read More +

Health impact assessment

A health impact assessment (HIA) is a method for estimating the potential effects of a policy, plan, program or project on the health of a population. As an evaluation tool, it helps decision-makers choose from among several scenarios to solve a given problem through a combination of procedures that systematically assess health consequences. In addition, an HIA can show the distribution of these effects within a given population and identify appropriate actions to help manage them (Quigley et al., 2006). Read More +

Equity-focused health impact assessment

An equity-focused health impact assessment (EFHIA) is an HIA-inspired approach that emphasizes the impacts on health inequalities resulting from policy decisions. An EFHIA helps to identify their unequal health impacts on different population groups, along with their effects. Read More +

Health equity impact assessment

A health equity impact assessment (HEIA) evaluates the impacts of a program or policy on vulnerable groups primarily to evaluate unequal access to health services, public health programs and quality of care. Attention is focused on health equity as it relates to a project, program or policy. Read More +