Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) >
Prevention and Treatment
General prevention measures for the public include:1
Prevention for nurses, health-care providers and health-care settings include all of the above, as well as the following infection prevention and control measures:2
Administrative controls can assist with preventing exposure:
Personal protective equipment (routine practices and additional precautions):
See CNA’s position on PPE and related knowledge/resource/practice gaps.
There is currently no vaccine, and treatment is limited to supportive therapy. The Public Health Agency of Canada refers clinicians to guidance from WHO on Clinical Management of Severe Acute Respiratory Infection when Novel Coronavirus (nCoV) is suspected. Researchers are working hard to develop a vaccine; the earliest possible date for widespread availability is anticipated to be spring 2021.
Recent recommendations on the use of hydroxyquinolone/azithromycin as treatment for COVID-19 by some high-profile individuals has led to anecdotal reports of people using this medication combination as prophylaxis to prevent infection.